Stroke occurs when a part of the brain is damaged because of a problem with blood flow. Strokes can happen when:
●An artery going to the brain gets clogged or closes off, and part of the brain goes without blood for too long.
●An artery breaks open and starts bleeding into or around the brain.
How can you tell if someone is having a stroke?
There is an easy way to remember the signs of a stroke. Just think of the word "FAST”. Each letter in the word stands for one of the things you should watch for:
●Face – Does the person's face look uneven or droop on one side?
●Arm – Does the person have weakness or numbness in one or both arms? Does one arm drift down if the person tries to hold both arms out?
●Speech – Is the person having trouble speaking? Does his or her speech sound strange?
●Time – If you notice any of these stroke signs, call for an ambulance (dial 997). You need to act FAST. The sooner treatment begins, the better the chances of recovery.
How are strokes treated?
The right treatment depends on what kind of stroke you are having. You need to get to the hospital very quickly to figure this out.
People whose strokes are caused by clogged arteries can:
●Get treatments that help reopen clogged arteries. These treatments can help you recover from the stroke.
●Get medicines that prevent new blood clots. These medicines also help prevent future strokes.
People whose strokes are caused by bleeding can:
●Have treatments that might reduce the damage caused by bleeding in or around the brain
●Stop taking medicines that increase bleeding, or take a lower dose
●Have surgery to repair the artery or stop the bleeding (this is not always possible to do)