Osteoporosis, which literally means porous bone, is a disease in which the density and quality of bone are reduced. As bones become more porous and fragile, the risk of fracture is greatly increased. The loss of bone occurs silently and progressively. Often there are no symptoms until the first fracture occurs.
As we age especially some of our bone cells begin to dissolve bone matrix (resorption), while new bone cells deposit osteoid (formation). This process is known as remodeling.
In females after menopause or in the presence of risk factors in males and females as Vitamin D deficiency, smoking, certain medicines as corticosteroids, anti-epileptics, antacids, bone loss outpaces the growth of new bone. Bones become porous, brittle and prone to fracture.
The good news is there are many steps that can be taken to prevent and diagnosis osteoporosis. It's now a largely treatable condition and, with a combination of lifestyle changes and appropriate medical treatment, many fractures can be avoided.
Dr.Tamer Sayed Ahmed – Endocrinology Consultant